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Introduction: The birth of Lord Rama, the
seventh Incarnation of Lord Vishnu, in the Tretayuga is celebrated
on this day - the ninth day in the bright fortnight of the Hindu
lunar month of Chaitra. Whenever righteousness is in danger God
reincarnates to protect and reinstate the righteousness in the
society. He destroys the evil doers and protects the seekers. In
Tretayuga a very powerful, unrighteous king Ravana had reached the
height of unrighteousness. So to destroy Ravana, Lord Vishnu
incarnated as Rama in the Sun dynasty (Surayavansh) of King
Dashratha. Since then this day is celebrated as Ramnavami.
Importance of the day as per the Science of Spirituality: On the day of Ramnavami, Shrirama principle is 1000 times more active than on any other day of the year. When certain principle is active, if one does the chanting of the same principle; one benefits the most. Hence it is recommended to chant ‘Sree Rama Jai Ram Jai Jai Ram’ on this particular day.
In Rama principle, the manifest energy is 75% as compared to the manifest energy in other deity’s principles. In other deities the manifest energy is 10%.The energy which is used to carry out mission is called as the manifest energy, whereas the remaining energy which is dormant is called as the un-manifest energy. If according to the mission more energy is required then the manifest energy is more. Shri Rama’s mission of destroying Ravana and reinstating the Righteousness needed lot of energy. Hence the manifest energy is 75% and un-manifest is 25%.
When chanting of the God principle is done with the spiritual emotion and faith, one benefit from it immensely. The knowledge of the Divine Qualities of the incarnation helps to generate the spiritual emotion (bhav). Lord Rama was ideal in all respects. Let’s see how and why Lord Rama was ideal.
Why Lord Rama is considered an Ideal: Lord Rama is an example of the ideal son, brother, husband, king, friend and enemy.
The Ideal son: Always obeyed His parents; at times even advised the elders. For instance when he was leaving for the forest He advised his parents not to grieve for him.
# Rama-Lakshman's love is cited as the ideal of brotherly love.
# Devoted to His one and only wife. Kings, then, use to have many wives.
# Helped Sugreev, Bibhishan and many others during their difficult times.
# Followed all codes of conduct for Kings as laid down in scriptures.
# Bibhishan refused to perform the last rites of Ravan, his brother. Lord Rama said to him, 'If you dont do it, I will. He was my brother too!'
# Maryadapurushottam, represents the Supreme extent of Righteousness.
Specific purpose of Lord Rama’s Incarnation: Every Incarnation comes to Earth with a specific purpose. The main task of every Incarnation is to destroy evil and establish the Divine Kingdom; but the percentage and proportion of this varies in different Yugas. And, all activities of the Incarnation are centered on this task.
Killing of Ravana: Ravana was highly learned and possessed knowledge of Righteousness (Dharma). But Ravana’s conduct was unrighteous. Lord Rama had to destroy him, so that He could protect the embodied souls doing spiritual practice. Lord Rama acquired a gross body to help the souls pursue their spiritual aspirations appropriately.
Helping embodied souls perform spiritual practice and granting them Final Liberation: In Satyayuga, many embodied souls completed their individual spiritual practice through the path of Knowledge (Dnyanayoga) but since their Spiritual practice for the sake of society (Samashti sadhana) was incomplete, their spiritual practice for Final Liberation remained incomplete. In Satya-yuga there was no way to perform spiritual practice for the sake of society and as a result many embodied souls got stuck midway. For their progress and liberation, they were born as monkeys (vanars) during Lord Rama's time. Some of the Gods who had been cursed were also born during this period as monkeys. In order to make all these embodied souls practice spirituality for the sake of society and their progress, Lord Rama acquired a gross body.
To set an ideal for the people: Lord Rama set an example through each and every action of His. He explained how an embodied soul can attain Final Liberation by acting in accordance with the scriptures.
He set an example of a Divine Kingdom for the people: When Righteousness (Dharma) manifested in the gross, Unrighteousness (Adharma) also manifested in the gross. Many embodied souls started troubling Sages and others who acted in accordance with the scriptures. During that time Lord Rama protected the Sages and set an example through His own deeds for all kings, as to how a Divine Kingdom should be. Lord Rama is an ideal of how selfless, free from desire and impartial a King can be!
The Ramayana in our lives: The real kingdom of Lord Rama dwells within oneself. The implied meaning of this is absolute control over the five sense organs, five motor organs, mind, subconscious mind, intellect and ego by the Rama principle- the Soul within. While Atmaram is the soul principle, Sita is the Great Illusion. Lakshman alludes to the focus on the soul, instead of the worldly. Bharat signifies a seeker engrossed in worship of radiance. Shatrughna is one who destroys the six foes (Shadripus) of the soul. Rama, Sita and Lakshman together stand for spiritual knowledge devotion and detachment respectively. Hanuman is the activated Kundalini. And Ravana signifies six foes of the soul - Desire, anger, greed, attachment, vanity and envy.
Worship of Lord Rama: Once the stage of worship of the divine principle or deity according to one's religion is completed, the Spiritual practice (worship) of Lord Rama is useful for many seekers to go from many to one. This is because of Lord Rama's attributes of being true to His word, devoted to only one wife and attaining the target with just one arrow.
Ritualistic worship (puja): Since Lord Rama is an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, He, too, is worshipped like Vishnu in sixteen steps (shodashopachar puja). Tulasi (sacred and medicinal plant found in India) leaves are essential for His worship. Tulasi has the ability to attract the subtlest pure particles (pavitrakas) of Vishnu. It is even better if one can use Lotuses for the worship. Khir (a sweet delicacy made from milk and rice or vermicelli) or shira (a sweet delicacy made from semolina, pure ghee and sugar) is Lord Vishnu's favourite sacrament (naivedya). Choosing the substances offered in the worship according to the science of Spirituality helps generate divine consciousness (chaitanya) in the statue, so that it aids one's spiritual progress. During this period of 9 days, devotees do periodical reading of Ramayan, recite the Ramarakshastotra, sing bhajans-kirtans in His praise and chant His name.
Celebration of Ramnavami: Shri Ramnavami is called a holy festival when it is celebrated individually, a religious festival (utsav) when celebrated collectively and when performed individually with a resolve (sankalpa) it becomes a vowed observance (vrat). Also, unlike most vowed religious observances, which are practiced individually, Shri Ramnavami is a vowed religious observance undertaken by a group.
Several temples of Lord Rama celebrate this festival for nine days, beginning from Chaitra Shukla Pratipada. It is celebrated by periodic readings of the Ramayan, organizing and attending spiritual discourses (kirtans) and beautifully embelishing Lord Rama's statue. During these nine days, reciting the Ramaraksha prayer (stotra) eleven times daily with a resolve (sankalpa) brings the prayer to fruition, yielding benefits like reduction of speech impairment and other ailments, and gaining prosperity. On the ninth day, that is, on Shri Ramnavami a spiritual discourse on Lord Rama's birth is held in the afternoon. At noon, a coconut, draped in a hooded cloak is placed in a cradle and rocked. The coconut signifies the baby Lord Rama. A red, fragrant powder (gulal) and flowers are showered onto it.
Let’s celebrate Shri Ramnavami and pray to Shri Rama together, “O Lord! Please guide us to imbibe the Divine Qualities and help us to go to the higher levels of Spiritual Practice as per the Science of Spirituality.”
Related links :
# Largest Hindu temple on planet - Virat Angkor Wat Ram temple
# Ritual of Waving Lit Lamps (Aarti) - A Spiritual Perspective
# Correct method and science of doing Namaskar to God
# Why namaskar, not hand shake: Spiritual benefits of namaskaar
# Arrangement of Deities In Temple Room and Queries about Aarti
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